Every summer is different. Sometimes temperatures rise above 30° already in June, sometimes not until July. There can be heavy rains, often accompanying thunderstorms. But cooler periods do not last long and are immediately followed by heat waves.
The water levels in spring determine the duration of water in the saline lakes in the summer. If these shallow water bodies dry out, so-called salt efflorescence forms.
Nature adapts to environmental conditions in different ways. Some plants stop growing for some time. Birds, that have been breeding a few weeks earlier in the wet meadows flock around the lakes that are still filled with water. In August, many birds start to prepare for migration. Huge flocks of Black-tailed Godwits can be observed; storks look for food in the mown meadows.
Watching the huge formations of geese near the Lange Lacke or the flood plains near Mekszikopuszta is very impressive. This spectacle that is very popular in late autumn and winter can also be observed from mid-July until August. There might not be as many geese, but temperatures are more pleasant.
If water levels drop due to evaporation, some parts of the reed belt might get cut off from the lake. Egrets and herons use this opportunity and flock at open water bodies within the reed beds to feed on the captured fish.
Bee-eaters can be found in the Seewinkel villages as well, where they ingest as much as possible before migrating to their wintering sites.
This is the time for locusts, dragonflies and other insects. In warm nights, you can hear cicadas nearby. There are countless mosquitoes, especially in extremely humid years and after heavy rains. They are annoying for humans, but important to many animals as food.
In late summer, when days are still warm, young spiders use gossamer trails to get lifted up by the wind and thus disperse.
Even before the grapes are ripe, there are countless Starlings in the Neusiedler See area. The large flocks are impressive when they fly around. To the detriment of the winemakers, they feed on the rich supply of grapes and insects. In August more and more birds that breed in northern areas arrive at the saline lakes. Birds, like Dunlin, Spotted Redshank, Ruff, and many others rest here before migrating to the wintering areas. Some bird species even cross the Sahara Desert and winter in the Sahel.
Among other rare plants here you can find Spiny Restharrow (Ononis spinosa), Perrenial Sage (Salvia nemorosa) and Nodding Thistle (Carduus nutans). The Pannonic form of the Sea-aster (Tripolium pannonicum) starts blooming in August and creates flower carpets of pink and lilac in some areas. We recommend avoiding the midday heat and taking advantage of the morning and evening hours to enjoy the natural beauty of the National Park.